TOJCAM - Volume 4 - Issue 1 - January 2018

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BETÜL MARDİN, THE PIONEER OF PUBLIC RELATIONS IN TURKEY

Eda Sezerer Albayrak

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Abstract:

Although the process of public relations has always existed in Turkey during the rule of the former Turkish
states, the Seljuks, the Ottoman state and the first years of the republic, which was regarded as a search of
solutions to problems, efforts of transferring and accepting the views of the administrators and the efforts to
create relations and dialogue with the peoples, the process of professionalization of public relations dates back to
1960s.
Public relations processes started to take place in public institutions under the name of "press bureau" and more
modern applications have begun to be used. It was necessary to establish units for having good relations with
each other in the private sector to be able to determine the causes and remove any disagreements. On the other
hand,while "public relations" was not popular with its current name , Betül Mardin started to work for the
country after hearing the French name of the profession (relations publiques) who is known as the first female
Pioneer dedicating herself to the field of public relations and has brought professionalism and prestige to
it.With this study, the biography of Betül Mardin, who announces the name of our country in many international
platforms in the field of public relations, and her views and her works on public relations are included, it is
aimed to define the concept of public relations and enlarge public relations literature in our country.

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EMPLOYING EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES OF MOBILE APPLICATIONS FOR FINE ART LEARNING IN SOUTH- WEST NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES

Emmanuel Olugbenga AIYEDUN, Michael Olubunmi ODEWUMI, O. O. OBIELODAN

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Abstract:

This research employed emerging technologies of mobile applications for the learning of fine art in south-west
Nigerian universities. Gender was employed as a factor of consideration in the research. Quasi-experimental
design involving pre-test, post-test, non-randomized, non-equivalent control group design was used for the
study. Sample for the research consisted of two randomly selected universities within south west, Nigeria. Fine
art Performance Test (FAPT) and learning applications as a treatment was the instrument used in collecting data.
Two hypotheses were tested employing t-test. Findings in the research showed that fine art students taught with
learning applications performed better than their counterparts taught with lecture method. Results further
indicated that gender of students showed no significant main effect in performance when they were exposed to
learning applications. Based on the findings, it was recommended that mobile learning application be
encouraged in teaching fine art to enhance the performance of university students in the discipline.

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ONE OF THE PIONEER ARTISTS OF TURKISH PRINTING ARTS: MÜRŞİDE İÇMELİ

Ayşe Derya Kahraman

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Abstract:

The first areas of application of art are paintings and drawings that began thousands of years ago. As the process
progresses, the pictures and drawings designed with the changing techniques begin to give direction sensorially
to the society. The development of these innovations in the field of art has maintained its momentum till today.
The original printmaking techniques in the field of plastic arts are one of them with different technical and
application fields. In this study, the development of original printmaking techniques in Turkey and its one of the
predominant female practitioners, Mürşide İçmeli's life, work and contribution to field and her exhibitions are
illuminated. She is one of the preliminary original printmaking artists and first female graphic designers. It is
intended to disseminate the ideas and methods of her works which is produced in this area. It is known that the
artist sheds light to the other artists in the field of print painting with both her works in our country and works
abroad. It is thought that these studies will shed light on the institutions and organizations working in the field of
art and will provide a certain sensitivity in the field.

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TATTOO TELEVISION: A RHETORICAL ANALYSIS OF MIAMI INK VIA NARRATIVE PARADIGM THEORY

Joseph Robert Nicola

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Abstract:

We are witness to a dramatic shift in cultural acceptance of tattoos. The first American Television program on
tattoos, Miami Ink, is a distinct and substantial marker reflecting this current cultural shift in tattoo acceptance.
Studying the narrative themes within Miami Ink can then serve as a reflection of cultural views when it first
aired. Specifically, this analysis will examine the themes presented in the show and what they accomplish in
terms of meaning.

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TURKISH WOMEN ILLUSTRATOR: NAZAN ERKMEN

Çağrı Gümüş

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Abstract:

Illustration has come up as a symbol in a cave and is now used as a communication language, a means of
conveying messages to the target audience. The illustration, described as an illustration work to explain,
exemplify or decorate, has a long and rich background. Nowadays, the illustration emerges as a line coming to
existence and a signature of the designer, which adapts to the digital age. Nazan Erkmen, Turkish female
Illustrator, is an international illustrator with many qualified works in the field of illustration. With this work, it
is aimed to provide a reference about her works and views about illustration, the biography of Nazan Erkmen
representing our country abroad with his works, whose works are mostly on children illustrations and who has
worked on women.

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